The Reports

The Reports

Twelve Colchester Archaeological Reports (CARs) were published between 1981 and 1983. They cover the major digs of the time in some technical detail and also serve as standard reference books for certain aspects of Colchester, in particular Roman finds.  All are available here, except for Volume 6. 

Please click on the cover of the publication below to view and download in PDF format.  As some of these are very large files, they may take several minutes to download. Most computers, tablets and smartphones should be able to read PDFs - if you have any problems please use the contact form and we will advise.

Colchester Archaeological Report 1: Aspects of Anglo-Saxon and Norman Colchester

by Philip Crummy (with contributions from Nina Crummy, Tania M Dickinson, Vera I Evison, Patricia Galloway, D E Greenway, Margaret Guido, Sonia C Hawkes, S E Rigold, D Stephenson, D M Wilson, G Zarnecki)

Contents

Illustrations

Introduction and acknowledgments

Chapter 1 - The archaeological evidence: 5th to 9th centuries

Chapter 2 - Some written evidence

Chapter 3 - The ceramic evidence: 10th to 12th centuries

Chapter 4 - Excavations in the grounds of St John's Abbey

Chapter 5 - Topographical evidence

Chapter 6 - Stone houses in Colchester

Chapter 7 - Colchester from the 5th to the 12th century: general discussion and summary

Appendix 1 - Origins of personal names of burgesses in Colchester Domesday and of moneyers operating in Colchester during the period 979-1087 by Nina Crummy

Appendix 2 - Bronze mount from the castle bailey

Appendix 3 - Earliest known references to present streets in Colchester town centre by Nina Crummy

Appendix 4 - Notes on Colchester keep

Appendix 5 - Notes on the borough seals of Colchester

Appendix 6 - Descriptions of illustrated pottery and other clay objects

Bibliography

Index

© Colchester Archaeological Trust, Department of the Environment, and Council for British Archaeology

First Edition 1981

Reprinted 1995 by the Colchester Archaeological Trust (with a few additional footnotes)

ISBN 0 906780 06 3

Colchester Archaeological Report 2: The Roman small finds from excavations in Colchester 1971-9

by Nina Crummy

Contents

Acknowledgments

Illustrations

Introduction

Category 1 : Objects of personal adornment or dress with contributions from Elizabeth Fowler, Martin Henig and Mark Hassall

Category 2: Toilet, surgical or pharmaceutical instruments with contributions from Patricia Galloway and Mark Hassall

Category 3: Objects used in the manufacture or working of textiles

Category 4: Household utensils and furniture with a contribution from D G Buckley and H Major

Category 5: Objects used for recreational purposes

Category 6: Objects employed in weighing and measuring

Category 7: Objects used for or associated with written communications

Category 8: Objects associated with transport

Category 9: Buildings and services

Category 10: Tools

Category 11: Fasteners and fittings

Category 12: Objects associated with agriculture, horticulture and animal husbandry

Category 13: Military equipment with contributions from Dr Graham Webster and Stephen Greep

Category 14: Objects associated with religious beliefs and practices with a contribution from Dr JP Wild

Category 15: Objects and waste material associated with metal working

Category 16: Objects and waste material associated with antler, horn, bone and tooth working

Category 17: Objects and waste material associated with the manufacture of pottery vessels or pipeclay objects

Category 18: Objects the function or identification of which is unknown or uncertain

Bibliography

Object index

Index of objects by material(s)

Microfiche supplement:

Categories 1 to 18 as above

Appendix 1 : The jet pin roughs in the Yorkshire Museum

Appendix 2: Grave goods from the Butt Road cemeteries

Appendix 3: Further pottery counters

© 1983 Colchester Archaeological Trust Ltd and Department of the Environment

Colchester Archaeological Report 3: Excavations at Lion Walk, Balkerne Lane, and Middleborough, Colchester, Essex

by Philip Crummy (with contributions from Howard Brooks, P M Barford, J Bayley, C M Cunningham, Nina Crummy, P J Drury, A J Gouldwell, K F Hartley, Dr S Limbrey, Dr Roger Ling, Joan Liversidge, Dr R Luff, P M Murphy, David S Neal, Dr R Reece, Dr D J Smith, R P Symonds, Maisie Taylor, and Dr J P Wild )

Contents

Chapter One: Roman and medieval Colchester
Chapter Two: Excavations at Lion Walk 1971-4
Chapter Three: Excavations at Balkerne Lane 1973-6
Chapter Four: Excavations at Middleborough 1979

Appendix 1: Human remains from Lion Walk and Balkerne Lane
Appendix 2: Examination of a lead coffin and its contents from Balkerne Lane
Appendix 3: The stone architectural fragments
Appendix 4: Colchester ware louvers
Appendix 5: The Roman tiles
Appendix 6: Tables showing the Roman painted wall plaster from Buildings 8, 67, 69, 70 and 71
Appendix 7: Some technological finds from Lion Walk and Balkerne Lane
Appendix 8: Descriptions of complete or nearly complete burial pots
Appendix 9: A green stained soil sample from a pit at Lion Walk, Site J
Appendix 10: Summary of the ceramic dating evidence for some key areas at Lion Walk and Balkerne Lane
Appendix 11: Carbonised cereals and crop weeds from Buildings 38, 41, and 45 (Balkerne Lane)
Appendix 12: Soil monolith through the cultivated soil of Period 5 at Balkerne Lane
Appendix 13: Summary of the products of the Roman kiln F1019 (Middleborough)
Appendix 14: Miscellaneous soil samples (Middleborough)
Appendix 15: List of significant charcoal samples

© 1984 Colchester Archaeological Trust Ltd and Department of the Environment

ISBN 0-9503727-4-9

Colchester Archaeological Report 4: The coins from excavations in Colchester 1971-9

by Nina Crummy (with contributions from Marion Archibald, Justine Bayley, Nina Crummy, Philip Crummy, John A Davies, Roger Goodburn, Michael Hammerson, Robert Kenyon, Richard Reece, and Martin Winter )

CONTENTS

Introduction by Nina Crummy

The coins as dating evidence by Philip Crummy

The Celtic coins by Roger Goodburn

The Roman coins by Richard Reece

The Claudian coinage by Robert Kenyon

The analysis of some Claudian coins from Colchester by Justine Bayley

The barbarous radiates by John A Davies

The coins of Carausius and Allectus by John A Davies and Nina Crummy

The Constantinian copies, AD 330-48 by Michael Hammerson

The medieval and some early post-medieval coins and tokens by Marion Archibald

Summary of all the post-Roman coins and tokens by Nina Crummy

Coin hoards from Colchester by Nina Crummy and Martin Winter

Catalogue 1: The most stratigraphically significant coins from excavations in Colchester 1971-9: listed by context

Catalogue 2: Coins from excavations in Colchester 1971-9: listed by site and numismatic identification

MICROFICHE SUPPLEMENT

Catalogue 3: Coins in the Colchester and Essex Museum: listed by numismatic identification

Catalogue 4: All the coins from excavations in Colchester 1971-9: listed by site and then by date of context

© 1987 Colchester Archaeological Trust Ltd and English Heritage

Colchester Archaeological Report 5: The post-Roman small finds from excavations in Colchester 1971-85

by Nina Crummy (with contributions from Barry Ager, Justine Bayley, David Buckley, Philip Crummy, Geoff Egan, Dr Patricia Galloway, Joy Hind, and Hilary Major)

Contents

Introduction

Category 1: Objects of personal adornment or dress with contributions

Category 2: Toilet, surgical or pharmaceutical instruments

Category 3: Objects used in the manufacture or working of textiles with a contribution

Category 4: Household utensils and furniture

Category 5: Objects used for recreational purposes

Category 6: Objects employed in weighing and measuring

Category 7: Objects used for or associated with written communications

Category 8: Objects associated with transport

Category 9: Buildings and services

Category 10: Tools

Category 11: Fasteners and fittings

Category 12: Objects associated with agriculture, horticulture and animal husbandry

Category 13: Military equipment

Category 14: Objects associated with religious beliefs and practices

Category 15: Objects and waste material associated with metal working

Category 16: Objects and waste material associated with antler, horn, bone and tooth working

Category 17: Objects and waste material associated with the manufacture of pottery vessels or pipeclay objects

Category 18: Objects the Function of Identification of which is Unknown or Uncertain

Microfiche

© 1988 Colchester Archaeological Trust Ltd and English Heritage

ISBN 0-9503727-7-3

Colchester Archaeological Report 6: Excavations at Culver Sreet, The Gilberd School and other sites 1971 - 1985

by Philip Crummy

Please note: this report is not currently available for download.  Printed copies can be purchased from the Trust.

Colchester Archaeological Report 7: Post-Roman pottery from excavations in Colchester, 1971-85

by John P Cotter (with contributions from Catherine Hills and M J Hughes)

Contents

Chapter 1 - Introduction

Chapter 2 - English wares: early to mid-Saxon (c 450-850)

Chapter 3 - English wares: late saxon and early medieval (c 850-1200)

Chapter 4 - English wares: medieval (c 1200-1550)

Chapter 5 - English wares: post-medieval (c 1550-1750)

Chapter 6 - English wares: modern (c 1750 onwards)

Chapter 7 - French wares

Chapter 8 - Low Countries wares

Chapter 9 - German and Rhenish wares

Chapter 10 - Iberian wares

Chapter 11 - Italian wares

Chapter 12 - Far Eastern wares

Chapter 13 - Miscellaneous unsourced ?imports

Chapter 14 - The stratified groups

Chapter 15 - Conclusions

Appendix 1: Concordance of illustrated pottery

Appendix 2: Documentary evidence for potters and kiln sites in the Colchester area

Appendix 3: Neutron activation analysis of redware pottery from north-east Essex, including Colchester-type wares

Bibliography

Index

Colour Photographs

© 2000 Colchester Archaeological Trust Ltd and English Heritage

ISBN 1 897719 08 6

Colchester Archaeological Report 8: Roman vessel glass from excavations in Colchester, 1971-85

by H E M Cool and Jennifer Price

Contents

1. Introduction

2. Cast objects and vessels

3. Mould-blown vessels

4. Polychrome brown vessels

5. Cups and beakers

6. Bowls

7. Jars

8. Jugs

9. Flasks and unguent bottles

10. Miscellaneous forms and body fragments

11. Bottles

12. Waste

13. An overview of glass vessels from Colchester

14. The origins of the glass vessels in use in Roman Colchester

15. The vessel-glass assemblages from the sites

Bibliography

Concordance

Indexes

Appendices

© 1995 Colchester Archaeological Trust Ltd and English Heritage

Published 1994 by Colchester Archaeological Trust Ltd, 12 Lexden Road, Colchester, Essex C03 3NF

ISBN 1897719027

Colchester Archaeological Report 9: Excavations of Roman and later cemeteries, churches and monastic sites in Colchester, 1971-85

by Nina Crummy, Philip Crummy, Carl Crossan (with contributions from H Cool, J Cotter, C Cunningham, John A Davies, C Going, A Harris, S Pinter-Bellows, J Price, R Reece, D Shimmin, N A Smith, A Stirland, R P Symonds, and D Watts)

Contents

1. Introduction

2. Excavations at Butt Road 1976-79, 1986, and 1988

3. Excavation of Roman Church at Butt Road

4. An Assessment of the Evidence for Christianity at the Butt Road Site

5. Excavations and Observations in the Grounds of St John's Abbey, 1971-85

6. Excavations at Maldon Road, 1971

7. Excavations at No 42 Crouch Street, Colchester, 1988

8. The Cemeteries of Roman Colchester

Appendix 1: Summary of burial characteristics, Butt Road

Appendix 6: Analysis and description of the human remains from St John's Abbey Grounds and the Maldon Road site, 1971-2

Bibliography

Index

Microfiche

© 1993 Colchester Archaeological Trust Ltd and English Heritage
Published 1993 by Colchester Archaeological Trust Ltd, 12 Lexden Road, Colchester, Essex C03 3NF

ISBN 1-897719-01-9

Colchester Archaeological Report 10: Roman pottery from excavations in Colchester 1971-86

by Robin P Symonds & Sue Wade (with contributions from Joanna Bird, Philip Crummy, G B Dannell, A Desbat, Brenda Dickinson, P P A Funari, C J Going, K F Hartley, Philip M Kenrick, V Rigby, Graham Webster and D F Williams)

NB: The CAR 10 CD supplement is attached to the PDF as a .zip file

 

Contents

Chapter One: Introduction
Chapter Two: Samian
Chapter Three: Amphorae
Chapter Four: Mortaria
Chapter Five: Fine wares
Chapter Six: Coarse wares
Chapter Seven: The Camulodunum/Colchester type series
Chapter Eight: A survey of pottery production and supply at Colchester

Appendix One: Sites in Colchester excavated between 1971 and 1986

© 1999 Colchester Archaeological Trust Ltd and English Heritage

ISBN 1 897719 07 8

Colchester Archaeological Report 11: Camulodunum 2

by C F C Hawkes and Philip Crummy (with contributions from G Carter, Nina Crummy, Thalassa Cruso, G B Dannell, R Kenyon, R Reece, Valery Rigby, G Simpson, N A Smith, John Wacher, and J J Wymer)

(NB: Fig 6.1 attached to PDF file)

 

Contents

Chapter 1 - Introduction

Chapter 2 - Camulodunum

Chapter 3 - Sheepen: dyke, and pre-Roman occupation

Chapter 4 - The Lexden Tumulus: viewed in archaeology and history

Chapter 5 - Gosbecks

Chapter 6 - Catalogue of excavations and observations (1932-1993) relating to the pre-Roman period

Chapter 7 - Camulodunum: a review

Bibliography

Index

© 1995 Colchester Archaeological Trust Ltd and English Heritage

Published 1995 by Colchester Archaeological Trust Ltd

ISBN 0 897719 03 5

Colchester Archaeological Report 12: Animal Bones from Excavations in Colchester, 1971-85

by Rosemury Luff (with contributions from Don Brothwell)

Contents

Chapter 1 - The archaeological background
Chapter 2 - Aims and Methods
Chapter 3 - Patterns of bone fragmentation
Chapter 4 - The economic exploitation of domestic livestock
Chapter 5 - Poultry and game
Chapter 6 - Health and welfare
Chapter 7 - A synthesis of the faunal data in relation to other archaeological sites
Chapter 8 - A summary of main bioarchaeological results

Glossary

Bibliography

Index

© 1993 Colchester Archaeological Trust Ltd and English Heritage

ISBN 1 897719 00 0